Anti-Racism Resources May 2022: Diversity Makes Better Science
We need diversity of thought in the world to face the new challenges.- Tim Berners-Lee, Inventor of the World-Wide Web
DIVERSITY BENEFIT #1: CREATIVITY & INNOVATION
Socially diverse groups (those with a diversity of race, ethnicity, gender, socio-economic background, and sexual orientation) are more innovative than homogeneous groups.
- People with different backgrounds bring unique information, perspectives, and experiences to tasks.
- A diversity of views enables objections and alternatives to be explored efficiently, solutions to emerge more readily, and results to be adopted with greater confidence. Academic research has shown that diverse groups often outperform experts.
- Diversity encourages the search for novel information and perspectives, leading to better decision-making and problem-solving. The best decisions are not made by a homogenous group.
DIVERSITY BENEFIT #2: HAPPIER TEAMS
Diversity increases employee satisfaction, improving collaboration and loyalty. It fosters positive attitudes and behaviours in the workplace. Where diversity recruitment is tokenistic, psychological outcomes are poorer.
When inclusivity is made a priority in the workplace, people feel more comfortable to engage. A 2013 Gallup poll found that only 13% of employees are actively engaged at work. The management behaviour most likely to affect engagement was “demonstrates strong commitment to diversity”.
DIVERSITY BENEFIT #3: REFLECTING SOCIAL CHANGE
The pandemic has driven a desire to work for organisations that reflect personal values, rather than just paying a salary. Deloitte found that 80 percent of employees say that inclusion is an important factor in choosing an employer. A diverse workforce can enrich the workplace, whilst also more accurately representing the demographics of the broader population. ONS data for 2019 suggests that 3.5% of the population in England and Wales identify as from a black ethnic background; as at July 2020, no members of DPAG staff identify with this ethnicity.
DIVERSITY BENEFIT #4: RECRUITING THE TOP TALENT
Diversity in the workplace increases the talent pool, and the best creative talent can come from untapped employment pools A focus on diversity can attract more candidates, and encourage them to join an organisation: in a Glassdoor survey, two-thirds of those polled said that diversity was important to them when evaluating companies and job offers.
Given demographic trends, future leaders, influencers, and supporters will increasingly be drawn from previously excluded populations. Race equality can help us access diverse talent pools, and recruit top talent. This can improve organisational performance, and provide a competitive advantage
HOW TO IMPROVE DIVERSITY IN THE WORKPLACE
It is important to attract diverse candidates, otherwise the status quo remains the same no matter how many networks, working groups, and EDI initiatives we introduce.
Think about how to reach, and attract, diverse candidates, and address the factors that could dissuade people from thinking DPAG is for them. Adopt inclusive recruitment practices for all vacancies.
- Job advertisement placement is important – ensure adverts are accessible to a wide range of potential applicants. Depending on the role, consider promoting jobs through diverse networks and societies, job fairs, social media (if you have a diverse following), and even the job centre. As recruiters, seek diverse candidates.
- Consider job advert and job description content – check for gendered or stereotyped language, ensure essential criteria really are essential, and ensure that the specific experience requested doesn’t deter diverse candidates.
- Ensure your webpages are accessible, consider the images and language – are there too many acronyms or other jargon? Share success stories and testimonials from a diverse range of people, and promote flexible working.
- Before carrying out any selection processes take Implicit Bias in the Workplace Training as a reminder of how to address your biases and try the Harvard Implicit Associations Test to identify your own biases
- Consider whether selection tests are necessary; if they are provide practice tests in advance.
- Ensure interviews are structured, with set questions related to agreed criteria and a scoring rubric, to ensure a fair process. Recruitment panellists should challenge bias or homophily from others.
- Allow sufficient time for decision-making,
Onboarding is also vital for fostering a sense of belonging which, in-turn, links to job satisfaction, performance and commitment. Focus on the needs of the new starter, rather than those of the organisation.
- Standardise processes so that everyone receives the same information and support.
- Don’t make assumptions based on your own experience or views.
- Get to know the person on a personal level and identify where their strengths and interests lie. Consider how to make the most of these attributes and consider tasks they could undertake and networks that they could join.
- Facilitate introductions to colleagues.
- Make people feel valued - ask for their views and opinions and avoid blame.
EDI Article: Fair Play Talks: Holistic View of Diversity Needed to Embed Real Workplace Inclusion, Confirms McKenzie-Delis Review
Blog: Buffer.com: The 3 Research-Backed Benefits of Diversity That Guide Our Team Growth
Office for National Statistics (ONS) Population of England and Wales: Population estimates by ethnic group and religion, England and Wales - Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk)
Blog: Vantage Circle.com: 100 Powerful Diversity And Inclusion Quotes for a Stronger Company Culture
Blog: The Guardian (2015): A workforce that reflects our diverse society | | The Guardian
Noemí Enchautegui-de-Jesús, Diane Hughes, Kristen E. Johnson, and Hyun Joo Oh, “Well-being in the context of workplace diversity”, Journal of Community Psychology, 2006, volume 34, number 2, pp. 211–23) Well‐being in the context of workplace ethnic diversity - Enchautegui‐de‐Jesús - 2006 - Journal of Community Psychology - Wiley Online Library
NHS Employers (2021), Inclusive recruitment: Leading positive change: Inclusive recruitment | NHS Employers
Review Article: Making Better Decisions in Groups
Research Article: Effects of Racial Diversity on Complex Thinking in College Students
Webinar: Tackling Bias in Recruitment, Pearn Kandola (29 minutes): Tackling Bias in Recruitment