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Detailed quantitative models are required to investigate the neurological basis of motor behavior. Previous studies of visually guided manual tracking have either identified a variety of control signals (cues) for planning tracking movements or analyzed how a single cue is used (i.e., one-tracking strategy). A systematic, quantitative analysis of the effects and interactions of cues in terms of human manual-tracking performance is presented here together with measurements of concomitant eye movements. These measurements help define the routes by which information reaches the CNS, and the analysis elucidates how the control signals are processed and combined. The results quantify not only the large improvement in performance observed when the target waveform being tracked is predictable but also the extent to which this improvement depends on the availability of current information about target movements and positional error. Target information is shown to provide short-term prediction independent of the error signals used in on-line negative feedback control.

Original publication




Journal article


J Mot Behav

Publication Date





185 - 204