Flexoelectro-optic liquid crystal analog phase-only modulator with a 2π range and 1 kHz switching.
Fells JAJ., Wang X., Elston SJ., Welch C., Mehl GH., Booth MJ., Morris SM.
We present a flexoelectro-optic liquid crystal (LC) analog phase modulator with >2π phase range at a 1 kHz switching frequency. The chiral nematic LC mixture consists of the bimesogen CBC7CB with chiral dopant R5011, aligned in the uniform lying helix mode. The mixture exhibits >±π/4 rotation of the optic axis for a drive voltage of ±21.5 V (E=±4.5 V μm-1). The rotation of the optic axis is converted into a phase modulation with the aid of a reflective device configuration incorporating a ∼5 μm LC cell, a polarizer, two quarter-wave plates, and a mirror. The residual amplitude modulation is found to be <23%. This flexoelectro-optic phase modulator combination has the potential to enable analog spatial light modulators with very fast frame rates suitable for a range of applications.