Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

A three-electrode voltage-clamp method was used to investigate the inactivation of Tl currents through the inward rectifier of frog sartorius muscle fibres, and the interaction between the permeant ions Tl+ and K+. In 80 mM-Tl Ringer inward currents inactivated on hyperpolarization along an exponential time course, with time constants that initially increased and then fell with increasing hyperpolarization. Because of the inactivation process steady-state conductances were smaller than instantaneous conductances at all potentials in Tl Ringer. The steady-state conductance increased to a maximum value at around - 100 mV in 80 mM-Tl Ringer, and then fell with increasing hyperpolarization. In K Ringer the steady-state conductance was greater at all potentials than the instantaneous conductance because K currents activate (rather than inactivate) on hyperpolarization. Time constants of Tl inactivation were the same when measured from the decay of current during a single pulse, or from the rate of recovery from inactivation using either a two- or a three-pulse method, indicating that inactivation obeys first-order kinetics. In 80 mM-Tl Ringer steady-state inactivation increased with increasing hyperpolarization, e-fold every 48 mV. This would be consistent with the site at which inactivation occurs experiencing 0.5 of the membrane voltage field. Tl+ was more permeant than K+ through the inward rectifier, the permeability ratio PTl+/PK+ being 1.66. In solutions containing both Tl+ and K+ the membrane showed an anomalous mole-fraction dependence of conductance, the resting potential being more negative, and both instantaneous and steady-state conductances smaller than those recorded in solutions containing only Tl+ or only K+. The reduction in the amplitude of the instantaneous conductance in Tl-K mixtures was voltage-dependent, the block being initially increased and then falling with increasing hyperpolarization. Inward currents also inactivated on hyperpolarization in Tl-K mixtures. The time constants of inactivation, and the extent of inactivation which occurred, became less dependent on membrane potential in these solutions. When K+ is the major permeant ion in solution, Tl+ has a blocking effect on the currents carried by K+, and the degree of block is voltage-dependent. Increasing [Tl]o increased the block at all potentials. The results of our experiments in solutions containing both Tl+ and K+ are discussed in terms of an interaction between these ions within the channel.

Original publication

DOI

10.1113/jphysiol.1983.sp014900

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Physiol

Publication Date

10/1983

Volume

343

Pages

407 - 428

Keywords

Animals, Cell Membrane Permeability, Electric Conductivity, Electrophysiology, Ion Channels, Kinetics, Membrane Potentials, Muscles, Potassium, Ranidae, Thallium