Synthetic polymer scaffolds for tissue engineering.
Place ES., George JH., Williams CK., Stevens MM.
The field of tissue engineering places complex demands on the materials it uses. The materials chosen to support the intricate processes of tissue development and maintenance need to have properties which serve both the bulk mechanical and structural requirements of the target tissue, as well as enabling interactions with cells at the molecular scale. In this critical review we explore how synthetic polymers can be utilised to meet the needs of tissue engineering applications, and how biomimetic principles can be applied to polymeric materials in order to enhance the biological response to scaffolding materials (105 references).