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Effects of the lysophospholipids sphingosine-1-phosphate and lysophosphatidic acid were studied in cultured murine microglia using the patch-clamp and video imaging techniques. Both lysophospholipids induced transient membrane hyperpolarization and K(+) current activation. The lysophospholipid-induced K(+) current was blocked by charybdotoxin or iberiotoxin, but was unaffected by apamin. In recordings with 1 microM intracellular free Ca(2+), Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) currents of microglia showed a similar pharmacological profile to lysophospholipid-induced currents. The Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels activated in microglia by lysophospholipids are most likely encoded by the IKCa1 channel gene. The presence of IKCa1 mRNA in microglia was demonstrated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction studies. Ca(2+) imaging experiments revealed increases in the intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration of microglia to a mean value of about 400 nM after application of 1 microM sphingosine-1-phosphate or 1 microM lysophosphatidic acid. We suggest that the transient membrane hyperpolarization seen in microglia following exposure to sphingosine-1-phosphate or lysophosphatidic acid is caused by activation of IKCa1 Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels. Increases in the concentration of intracellular free Ca(2+) evoked by the lysophospholipids are sufficient to activate microglial Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neuroscience

Publication Date

2002

Volume

109

Pages

827 - 835

Keywords

Animals, Animals, Newborn, Brain, Brain Chemistry, Calcium, Calcium Signaling, Cell Membrane, Cells, Cultured, Charybdotoxin, Gliosis, Intermediate-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels, Lysophospholipids, Membrane Potentials, Mice, Mice, Inbred Strains, Microglia, Peptides, Potassium Channels, RNA, Messenger, Sphingosine