Adaptive optics from microscopy to nanoscopy
Patton BR., Burke D., Booth MJ.
Adaptive optics have been introduced to compensate the effects of aberrations in high resolution microscopy. Adaptive elements, such as deformable mirrors or spatial light modulators enable the dynamic correction of aberrations in a range of applications. These methods have proved particularly useful in three dimensional imaging of tissue specimens. We review the principles behind these methods and their application to high and super resolution microscopy. © 2014 SPIE.