Cholinergic pathways are involved in secretin and VIP release and the exocrine pancreatic response after intraduodenally perfused acetic and lactic acids in the rat.
Sánchez-Vicente C., Rodríguez-Nodal F., Minguela A., García LJ., San Román JI., Calvo JJ., López MA.
The response of the exocrine pancreas to intraduodenal perfusion of acetic and lactic acids in normal and previously atropinized rats was studied. Secretin and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) plasma levels in portal plasma were also measured. Intraduodenal perfusion of both acetic and lactic acids significantly stimulated flow rate (from 0.29 +/- 0.03 microliters/min to a maximum of 1.06 +/- 0.08 microliters/min after acetic and from 0.35 +/- 0.05 microliters/min to a maximum of 1.13 +/- 0.12 microliters/min after lactic acid perfusion) and protein output (from 11.16 +/- 2.33 micrograms/min to a maximum of 35.1 +/- 7.4 micrograms/min after acetic and from 8.98 +/- 0.95 micrograms/min to a maximum of 22.5 +/- 1.3 micrograms/min after lactic acid perfusion). Atropine treatment significantly inhibited pancreatic flow rate and protein output after acetic acid perfusion, but no inhibition of flow rate and a slight decrease in the protein output after lactic acid perfusion were seen. With respect to plasma peptide concentrations, significant increases in secretin and VIP levels were found after perfusion of both organic acids; atropine administration significantly decreased plasma secretin levels after acetic acid administration although it did not affect plasma VIP concentrations. By contrast, atropine significantly increased plasma secretin levels, but significantly lower values of plasma VIP concentrations were observed after lactic acid perfusion. Therefore, cholinergic mechanisms are involved in the release of secretin and VIP and different types of control of exocrine pancreatic secretion occur, depending on the features of the intraduodenal stimulant.