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Two translational studies--one in humans and one in sheep--suggest that (i) premature birth is associated with delayed maturation of grey matter in the cerebral cortex and (ii) medical care that prohibits impairment of growth in premature neonates may enhance cortical development and reduce neurological disabilities associated with preterm birth.

Original publication

DOI

10.1126/scitranslmed.3005379

Type

Journal article

Journal

Sci Transl Med

Publication Date

16/01/2013

Volume

5

Keywords

Animals, Brain Ischemia, Cerebral Cortex, Dendrites, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Growth and Development, Humans, Premature Birth