A selective activity-dependent requirement for dynamin 1 in synaptic vesicle endocytosis.
Ferguson SM., Brasnjo G., Hayashi M., Wölfel M., Collesi C., Giovedi S., Raimondi A., Gong LW., Ariel P., Paradise S., O'toole E., Flavell R., Cremona O., Miesenböck G., Ryan TA., De Camilli P.
Dynamin 1 is a neuron-specific guanosine triphosphatase thought to be critically required for the fission reaction of synaptic vesicle endocytosis. Unexpectedly, mice lacking dynamin 1 were able to form functional synapses, even though their postnatal viability was limited. However, during spontaneous network activity, branched, tubular plasma membrane invaginations accumulated, capped by clathrin-coated pits, in synapses of dynamin 1-knockout mice. Synaptic vesicle endocytosis was severely impaired during strong exogenous stimulation but resumed efficiently when the stimulus was terminated. Thus, dynamin 1-independent mechanisms can support limited synaptic vesicle endocytosis, but dynamin 1 is needed during high levels of neuronal activity.