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OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate a possible association between myometrial and placental artery vasoreactivity and perfusion at the basal and chorionic plates, respectively. (2) To confirm that myometrial arteries from women with pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction exhibit an attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilatory response. METHODS: Women with normal pregnancy, pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction had a magnetic resonance scan to assess placental perfusion using a technique called intravoxel incoherent motion. At delivery, myometrial and chorionic plate placental arteries were assessed on a wire myograph. Vessels were pre-constricted with the thromboxane mimetic U46619 and dilated with incremental doses of bradykinin. RESULTS: Pre-constricted myometrial arteries from women with pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction exhibited an attenuated vasodilatory response to bradykinin, compared with normal pregnancy (P < 0.0001). Pre-constricted placental arteries exhibited a minimal vasodilatory response in all three groups of women (P = 0.10). Maximal constrictor and vasodilatory responses of myometrial arteries were not associated with the perfusing fraction at the basal plate. Maximal constrictor and vasodilatory responses of chorionic plate placental arteries were not associated with the perfusing fraction at the chorionic plate. CONCLUSION: We confirm that myometrial arteries from women with pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction exhibit an attenuated endothelium-dependent vasodilatory response. Apart from vasoreactivity of small arteries, other factors may be involved in the control of placental perfusion.

Type

Journal article

Journal

BJOG

Publication Date

10/2003

Volume

110

Pages

909 - 915

Keywords

15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Arteries, Female, Fetal Growth Retardation, Humans, Myometrium, Placenta, Placental Circulation, Pre-Eclampsia, Pregnancy, Vasoconstrictor Agents, Vasodilation