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To investigate the response to visual feedback of involuntary movements which have a frequency composition similar to cerebellar tremor but are not caused by cerebellar damage, we have tested six advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with drug-induced dyskinetic movements using visually guided wrist tracking tasks. Tracking performance was assessed under three visual conditions: (1) both guiding target and movement cursor were displayed continuously; (2) the target display was turned off for the second half of each trial; or (3) the cursor display, but not the target, was turned off for the second half of each trial. The response to visual feedback of drug-induced dyskinetic movements at 1-5 Hz in these advanced PD patients were significantly increased than in normal controls. This suggests that increased response to visual feedback might be a common feature of low frequency involuntary movements and not directly caused by cerebellar damages.

Original publication




Journal article


Neurosci Lett

Publication Date





25 - 28


Aged, Analysis of Variance, Biofeedback, Psychology, Cues, Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease, Photic Stimulation, Psychomotor Performance