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The transport properties and composition of 44 pairs of human sclera, 37-91 years were compared. Solute transport, diffusion and partition coefficients of posterior sclera for solutes ranging in mass from 0.023-70kDa were higher than those of anterior sclera; the posterior region was also more hydrated. The differences in partition coefficient between anterior and posterior sclera became more pronounced as solute molecular weight increased. Partition coefficients and hydration of both regions decreased with increasing age. Chondroitinase ABC digestion, which removed the majority of glycosaminoglycans, increased partition coefficients of both regions significantly. These results suggest that for regions of equal scleral thickness, neglecting the influence of vascular factors, drug delivery will be more readily achieved across the posterior sclera than the anterior sclera in the age group studied and that, for both regions, ease of delivery will decrease with decreasing age.


Journal article


Exp Eye Res

Publication Date





701 - 713


Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Biological Transport, Diffusion, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Molecular Weight, Permeability, Regression Analysis, Sclera