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After a review of disk structure, the pivotal role of disk cells in producing and renewing the extracellular disk matrix is emphasized. Disk cells rely on nutrients that diffuse through the vertebral endplates. Microelectrode methods have been developed to study nutrient diffusion and endplate permeability. Mechanical stimuli modify disk cell activity. Scoliosis is associated with decreased endplate permeability, a factor that may play a role in disk degeneration and scoliosis progression.


Journal article


Joint Bone Spine

Publication Date





537 - 542


Back Pain, Biological Transport, Growth Substances, Humans, Intervertebral Disc, Intervertebral Disc Displacement, Scoliosis