Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The isolated perfused heart preparation is an invaluable model for investigating metabolism in a variety of physiological and pathological states. It avoids confounding systemic factors (e.g. endocrine, metabolic and work load changes) and permits simultaneous measurement of mechanical function. The ability to measure arteriovenous concentration differences across the myocardium and the coronary flow rate, together with the use of radiolabelled substrates, permits assessment of substrate assimilation and disposition of most potential energetic substrates. In the case of lipids, metabolism of non-esterified fatty acids has been extensively investigated in the perfused rat heart, but fatty acids may also be derived from circulating triacylglycerols (TAG) in lipoproteins [chylomicrons, very-low-density-lipoprotein (VLDL)]. TAG requires initial hydrolysis by the endothelial enzyme lipoprotein lipase and hence an intact heart preparation is vital to maintain tissue structural integrity. Chylomicron-TAG utilization and fate (oxidation, tissue-lipid deposition) in isolated working hearts has been studied using chylomicrons obtained from thoracic-duct catheters. However, lack of availability of sufficient quantities of VLDL has hindered examination of their cardiac utilization; the recent development of a technique to produce large quantities of radio-labelled rat VLDL has facilitated these studies and established that VLDL-TAG is an important metabolic substrate for working heart. Results relating to myocardial utilization of VLDL-TAG under varying physiological (lactation) and pathological (endotoxinaemia) conditions will be presented. The putative role of VLDL as a regulator of cardiac lipid metabolism will also be discussed.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochem Soc Trans

Publication Date

02/2000

Volume

28

Pages

113 - 120

Keywords

Animals, Chylomicrons, Endotoxins, Lipid Metabolism, Lipoproteins, VLDL, Liver, Myocardium, Palmitates, Perfusion, Rats