Distribution of a persistent sodium current across the ventricular wall in guinea pigs.
Sakmann BF., Spindler AJ., Bryant SM., Linz KW., Noble D.
A tetrodotoxin-sensitive persistent sodium current, I(pNa), was found in guinea pig ventricular myocytes by whole-cell patch clamping. This current was characterized in cells derived from the basal left ventricular subendocardium, midmyocardium, and subepicardium. Midmyocardial cells show a statistically significant (P<0.05) smaller I(pNa) than subendocardial and subepicardial myocytes. There was no significant difference in I(pNa) current density between subepicardial and subendocardial cells. Computer modeling studies support a role of this current in the dispersion of action potential duration across the ventricular wall.