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Sequence requirements of the ATP-binding site within the C-terminal nucleotide-binding domain (NBD2) of mouse P-glycoprotein were investigated by using two recombinantly expressed soluble proteins of different lengths and photoactive ATP analogues, 8-azidoadenosine triphosphate (8N(3)-ATP) and 2',3',4'-O-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)-8-azidoadenosine triphosphate (TNP-8N(3)-ATP). The two proteins, Thr(1044)-Thr(1224) (NBD2(short)) and Lys(1025)-Ser(1276) (NBD2(long)), both incorporated the four consensus sequences of ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporters, Walker A and B motifs, the Q-loop, and the ABC signature, while differing in N-terminal and C-terminal extensions. Radioactive photolabeling of both proteins was characterized by hyperbolic dependence on nucleotide concentration and high-affinity binding with K(0.5)(8N(3)-ATP) = 36-37 microM and K(0.5)(TNP-8N(3)-ATP) = 0.8-2.6 microM and was maximal at acidic pH. Photolabeling was strongly inhibited by TNP-ATP (K(D) = 0.1-5 microM) and ATP (K(D) = 0.5-2.7 mM). Since flavonoids display bifunctional interactions at the ATP-binding site and a vicinal steroid-interacting hydrophobic sequence [Conseil, G., Baubichon-Cortay, H., Dayan, G., Jault, J.-M., Barron, D., and Di Pietro, A. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95, 9831-9836], a series of 30 flavonoids from different classes were investigated for structure-activity relationships toward binding to the ATP site, monitored by protection against photolabeling. The 3-OH and aromaticity of conjugated rings A and C appeared important, whereas opening of ring C abolished the binding in all but one case. It can be concluded that the benzopyrone portion of the flavonoids binds at the adenyl site and the phenyl ring B at the ribosyl site. The Walker A and B motifs, intervening sequences, and small segments on both sides are sufficient to constitute the ATP site.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





10382 - 10391


ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1, ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters, Adenosine Triphosphate, Amino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Transport Systems, Basic, Animals, Bacterial Proteins, Binding Sites, Chalcone, Flavonoids, Kinetics, Membrane Transport Proteins, Mice, Models, Chemical, Molecular Sequence Data, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular, Photoaffinity Labels, Recombinant Proteins, Salmonella typhimurium, Sequence Alignment, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Structure-Activity Relationship