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Heat-induced tissue fusion via radio-frequency (RF) energy has gained wide acceptance clinically and here we present the first optical-Raman-spectroscopy study on tissue fusion samples in vitro. This study provides direct insights into tissue constituent and structural changes on the molecular level, exposing spectroscopic evidence for the loss of distinct collagen fibre rich tissue layers as well as the denaturing and restructuring of collagen crosslinks post RF fusion. These findings open the door for more advanced optical feedback-control methods and characterization during heat-induced tissue fusion, which will lead to new clinical applications of this promising technology.

Original publication




Journal article


J Biophotonics

Publication Date





713 - 723


Raman imaging, Raman spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics, tissue fusion, Animals, Hot Temperature, Intestine, Small, Microscopy, Radio Waves, Spectrum Analysis, Raman, Swine