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Enzyme prodrug therapy (EPT) enables localized conversion of inert prodrugs to active drugs by enzymes. Performance of EPT necessitates that the enzyme remains active throughout the time frame of the envisioned therapeutic application. β-glucuronidase is an enzyme with historically validated performance in EPT, however it retains its activity in biomaterials for an insufficiently long period of time, typically not exceeding 7 d. Herein, the encapsulation of β-glucuronidase in liposomal subcompartments within poly(vinyl alcohol) electrospun fibers is reported, leading to the assembly of biocatalytically active materials with activity of the enzyme sustained over at least seven weeks. It is further shown that liposomes provide the highly beneficial stabilization of the enzyme when incubated in cell culture media. The assembled biocatalytic materials successfully produce antiproliferative drugs (SN-38) using externally administered prodrugs (SN-38-glucuronide) and effectively suppress cell proliferation, with envisioned utility in the design of cardiovascular grafts.

Original publication




Journal article


Adv Healthc Mater

Publication Date





electrospinning, enzyme prodrug therapy, liposomes, polymer fibers, β-glucuronidase, Biocatalysis, Camptothecin, Cell Proliferation, Delayed-Action Preparations, Drug Delivery Systems, Enzyme Stability, Glucuronidase, HeLa Cells, Humans, Irinotecan, Liposomes, Particle Size, Polyvinyl Alcohol, Porosity, Prodrugs