Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are secreted by the vast majority of cells and are being intensively studied due to their emerging involvement in a variety of cellular communication processes. However, the study of their cellular uptake and fate has been hampered by difficulty in imaging EVs against the cellular background. Here, we show that EVs combined with hydrophobic gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) can self-assemble into supraparticles, offering an excellent labeling strategy for high-resolution electron microscopic imaging in vitro. We have tracked and visualized the reuptake of breast cancer cell-derived EV AuNC supraparticles into their parent cells, from early endocytosis to lysosomal degradation, using focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM). The presence of gold within the EVs and lysosomes was confirmed via DF-STEM EDX analysis of lift-out sections. The demonstrated formation of AuNC EV supraparticles will facilitate future applications in EV imaging as well as the EV-assisted cellular delivery of AuNCs.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





3912 - 3923