Discovery of a Novel HIV-1 Integrase/p75 Interacting Inhibitor by Docking Screening, Biochemical Assay, and in Vitro Studies.
Wang Y., Lin H-Q., Wang P., Hu J-S., Ip T-M., Yang L-M., Zheng Y-T., Chi-Cheong Wan D.
Protein-protein interaction between lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF/p75) and HIV-1 integrase becomes an attractive target for anti-HIV drug development. The blockade of this interaction by small molecules could potentially inhibit HIV-1 replication. These small molecules are termed as LEDGINs; and several newly identified LEDGINs have been reported to significantly reduce HIV-1 replication. Through this project, we have finished the docking screening of the Maybridge database against the p75 binding site of HIV-1 integrase using both DOCK and Autodock Vina software. Finally, we have successfully identified a novel scaffold LEDGINs inhibitor DW-D-5. Its antiviral activities and anticatalytic activity of HIV-1 integrase are similar to other LEDGINs under development. We demonstrated that the combination of DW-D-5 and FDA approved anti-HIV drugs resulted in additive inhibitory effects on HIV-1 replication, indicating that DW-D-5 could be an important component of combination pills for clinic use in HIV treatment.