Nonlinear multivariate analysis of dynamic cerebral blood flow regulation in humans
Mitsis GD., Poulin MJ., Robbins PA., Marmarelis VZ.
The dynamic relationship between cerebral blood flow, arterial blood pressure and arterial CO2 is studied using the Laguerre-Volterra network methodology for modeling multiple-input nonlinear systems. Spontaneous beat-to-beat cerebral blood flow velocity and mean arterial blood pressure fluctuations, as well as breath-to-breath end-tidal CO2 fluctuations are analyzed and the Volterra kernels of the system are obtained. It is found that, while pressure changes explain most of the blood flow velocity variations, the inclusion of end-tidal CO2 fluctuations as an additional input variable can improve the prediction accuracy of the model output considerably. The model includes also nonlinear interactions between pressure and end-tidal CO2 and their impact on cerebral blood flow.