Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

This study was designed to determine whether subjects born at high altitude (HA; 2,000 m or above) who subsequently move to near sea level (SL) develop end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) and PO2 (PETO2) values that equal those of SL natives living near SL. A total of 108 male HA natives living near SL were identified by survey of a district in Lima, Peru, and a further 108 male SL natives from the same district were identified as control subjects. Of these subjects, satisfactory data for inclusion in the study were obtained from 93 HA and 82 SL subjects. Mean PETCO2 and PETO2 values were 37.7 +/- 2.5 (SD) and 104.7 +/- 3.2 Torr, respectively, in HA subjects and 37.7 +/- 2.2 and 104.8 +/- 3.0 Torr, respectively, in SL subjects. The average difference between SL natives and HA natives for PETCO2 was 0.07 Torr (-0.64 to 0.78; 95% confidence interval) and for PETO2 was 0.05 Torr (-0.89 to 0.99, 95% confidence interval). The average age and weight of the SL and HA subjects did not differ, but the HA subjects were shorter and tended to have larger vital capacities, consistent with their origin at HA. We conclude that the PETCO2 and PETO2 near SL of SL natives and HA natives do not differ.

Original publication




Journal article


J Appl Physiol (1985)

Publication Date





1605 - 1609


Acclimatization, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Altitude, Carbon Dioxide, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Oxygen Consumption, Respiratory Function Tests