Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Our recent studies on rat pituitary tissue suggest that the annexin 1 (ANXA1)-dependent inhibitory actions of glucocorticoids on ACTH secretion are effected via a paracrine mechanism that involves protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent translocation of a serine-phosphorylated species of ANXA1 (Ser-P-ANXA1) to the plasma membrane of the nonsecretory folliculostellate cells. In the present study, we have used a human folliculostellate cell line (PDFS) to explore the signaling mechanisms that cause the translocation of Ser-P-ANXA1 to the membrane together with Western blot analysis and flow cytometry to detect the phosphorylated protein. Exposure of PDFS cells to dexamethasone caused time-dependent increases in the expression of ANXA1 mRNA and protein, which were first detected within 2 h of steroid contact. This genomic response was preceded by the appearance within 30 min of substantially increased amounts of Ser-P-ANXA1 and by translocation of the phosphorylated protein to the cell surface. The prompt membrane translocation of Ser-P-ANXA1 provoked by dexamethasone was inhibited by the glucocorticoid receptor, antagonist, mifepristone, but not by actinomycin D or cycloheximide, which effectively inhibit mRNA and protein synthesis respectively in our preparation. It was also inhibited by a nonselective PKC inhibitor (PKC(9-31)), by a selective inhibitor of Ca(2+)-dependent PKCs (Go 6976) and by annexin 5 (which sequesters PKC in other systems). In addition, blockade of phosphatidylinositiol 3-kinase (wortmannin) or MAPK pathways with PD 98059 or UO 126 (selective for MAPK kinse 1 and 2) prevented the steroid-induced translocation of Ser-P-ANXA1 to the cell surface. These results suggest that glucocorticoids induce rapid serine phosphorylation and membrane translocation of ANXA1 via a novel nongenomic, glucocorticoid receptor-dependent mechanism that requires MAPK, phosphatidylinositiol 3-kinase, and Ca(2+)-dependent PKC pathways.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





1164 - 1174


Adenocarcinoma, Follicular, Animals, Annexin A1, Cell Membrane, Dexamethasone, Enzyme Inhibitors, Gene Expression, Glucocorticoids, Humans, MAP Kinase Signaling System, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors, Phosphorylation, Pituitary Neoplasms, Protein Kinase C, Rabbits, Receptors, Glucocorticoid, Serine, Tumor Cells, Cultured