Evidence from immunoneutralization and antisense studies that the inhibitory actions of glucocorticoids on growth hormone release in vitro require annexin 1 (lipocortin 1).
Taylor AD., Christian HC., Morris JF., Flower RJ., Buckingham JC.
1. Our previous studies have identified a role for annexin 1 as a mediator of glucocorticoid action in the neuroendocrine system. The present study centred on growth hormone (GH) and exploited antisense and immunoneutralization strategies to examine in vitro the potential role of annexin 1 in effecting the regulatory actions of glucocorticoids on the secretion of this pituitary hormone. 2. Rat anterior pituitary tissue responded in vitro to growth hormone releasing hormone, forskolin, 8-Bromo-cyclic adenosine 3'5'-monophosphate (8-Br-cyclic AMP) and an L-Ca(2+) channel opener (BAY K8644) with concentration-dependent increases GH release which were readily inhibited by corticosterone and dexamethasone. 3. The inhibitory actions of the steroids on GH release elicited by the above secretagogues were effectively reversed by an annexin 1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN), but not by control (sense or scrambled) ODNs, as also were the glucocorticoid-induced increases in annexin 1. Similarly, a specific anti-annexin 1 monoclonal antibody quenched the corticosterone-induced suppression of secretagogue-evoked GH release while an isotype matched control antibody was without effect. 4. Transmission electron micrographs showed that the integrity and ultrastructural morphology of the pituitary cells were well preserved at the end of the incubation and unaffected by exposure to the ODNs, antibodies, steroids or secretagogues. 5. The results provide novel evidence for a role for annexin 1 as a mediator of the inhibitory actions of glucocorticoids on the secretion of GH by the anterior pituitary gland and suggest that its actions are effected at a point distal to the formation of cyclic AMP and Ca(2+) entry.