Annexin I is stored within gelatinase granules of human neutrophil and mobilized on the cell surface upon adhesion but not phagocytosis.
Perretti M., Christian H., Wheller SK., Aiello I., Mugridge KG., Morris JF., Flower RJ., Goulding NJ.
Annexin I, a member of the calcium- and phospholipid-binding annexin superfamily of proteins, is largely present in human neutrophils. To determine its exact intracellular distribution a combination of flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and electron microscopy analyses were performed on resting human neutrophils as well as on cells which had been activated. In resting neutrophils, annexin I was found to be present in small amounts in the nucleus, in the cytoplasm and partially also associated with the plasma membrane. The cytoplasmic pool of annexin I was predominant, and the protein was co-localized with gelatinase (marker of gelatinase granules), but not with human serum albumin or CD35 (markers of secretory vesicles), or with lysosomes. Electron microscopy showed the presence of annexin I inside the gelatinase granules. Neutrophil adhesion to monolayers of endothelial cells, but not phagocytosis of particles of opsonized zymosan, provoked an intense mobilization of annexin I, with a marked externalization on the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. Remaining intracellular annexin I was also found in proximity of the plasma membrane. These results provide a novel mechanism for annexin I secretion from human neutrophils, which is via a degranulation event involving gelatinase granules.