Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Increasing the concentration of arterial plasma K+ to 6-8 mM increased ventilation in two sedated analgesic-treated rhesus monkeys who had their end-tidal CO2 held constant during euoxia (arterial oxygen pressure, Pa,O2, ca 100 Torr) and hypoxia (Pa,O2, ca 40 Torr). During euoxia and hypoxia, hyperkalaemia increased ventilation up to 40 and 250%, respectively. This effect was reduced in euoxia and virtually abolished in hypoxia following an abrupt switch to 100% oxygen. Thus the ventilatory response of this primate to hyperkalaemia is at least as sensitive as that of the cat and if hypoxia is added the two stimuli generate a powerful drive to breathing.

Original publication




Journal article


Exp Physiol

Publication Date





217 - 220


Animals, Hyperkalemia, Hypoxia, Macaca mulatta, Norepinephrine, Oxygen, Potassium, Respiration