Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Annexin 1 (ANXA1) is a Ca2+- and phospholipid-binding protein that plays an important role as a mediator of glucocorticoid action in the host-defence and neuroendocrine systems. Sex differences in hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity are well documented and a number of studies have demonstrated that gonadal steroids act as regulators of HPA activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ovariectomy and 17beta-estradiol replacement, and estrous cycle stage, on anterior pituitary ANXA1 content. The amount of anterior pituitary ANXA1 determined by western blotting varied with estrous cycle stage with a peak at estrus declining to a trough at proestrus. Ovariectomy resulted in a significant (P<0 x 05) decrease in anterior pituitary ANXA1 content. Administration of 17beta-estradiol (1 microg/100 g) significantly (P<0 x 01) increased anterior pituitary ANXA1 expression in the ovariectomized animals. In contrast, there was no change in pituitary ANXA1 content in response to 17beta-estradiol in adrenalectomized and adrenalectomized/ovariectomized rats. Treatment of TtT/GF cells, a folliculo-stellate cell line, with 17beta-estradiol (1 x 8-180 nM) increased ANXA1 mRNA expression and increased the amount of ANXA1 protein externalized in response to a dexamethasone stimulus. These results indicate that 17beta-estradiol stimulates ANXA1 expression in the anterior pituitary and in vivo an adrenal factor contributes to the mechanism of action.

Original publication




Journal article


J Endocrinol

Publication Date





429 - 442


Adrenalectomy, Adrenocorticotropic Hormone, Animals, Annexin A1, Blotting, Western, Cell Line, Corticosterone, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone, Dexamethasone, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Estradiol, Estrous Cycle, Female, Gene Expression, Glucocorticoids, Ovarian Follicle, Ovariectomy, Pituitary Gland, Anterior, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Stimulation, Chemical