ER remodeling by the large GTPase atlastin promotes vacuolar growth of Legionella pneumophila.
Steiner B., Swart AL., Welin A., Weber S., Personnic N., Kaech A., Freyre C., Ziegler U., Klemm RW., Hilbi H.
The pathogenic bacterium Legionella pneumophila replicates in host cells within a distinct ER-associated compartment termed the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV). How the dynamic ER network contributes to pathogen proliferation within the nascent LCV remains elusive. A proteomic analysis of purified LCVs identified the ER tubule-resident large GTPase atlastin3 (Atl3, yeast Sey1p) and the reticulon protein Rtn4 as conserved LCV host components. Here, we report that Sey1/Atl3 and Rtn4 localize to early LCVs and are critical for pathogen vacuole formation. Sey1 overproduction promotes intracellular growth of L. pneumophila, whereas a catalytically inactive, dominant-negative GTPase mutant protein, or Atl3 depletion, restricts pathogen replication and impairs LCV maturation. Sey1 is not required for initial recruitment of ER to PtdIns(4)P-positive LCVs but for subsequent pathogen vacuole expansion. GTP (but not GDP) catalyzes the Sey1-dependent aggregation of purified, ER-positive LCVs in vitro Thus, Sey1/Atl3-dependent ER remodeling contributes to LCV maturation and intracellular replication of L. pneumophila.