S0859, an N-cyanosulphonamide inhibitor of sodium-bicarbonate cotransport in the heart.
Ch'en FF-T., Villafuerte FC., Swietach P., Cobden PM., Vaughan-Jones RD.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracellular pH (pH(i)) in heart is regulated by sarcolemmal H(+)-equivalent transporters such as Na(+)-H(+) exchange (NHE) and Na(+)-HCO(3) (-) cotransport (NBC). Inhibition of NBC influences pH(i) and can be cardioprotective in animal models of post-ischaemic reperfusion. Apart from a rabbit polyclonal NBC-antibody, a selective NBC inhibitor compound has not been studied. Compound S0859 (C(29)H(24)ClN(3)O(3)S) is a putative NBC inhibitor. Here, we provide the drug's chemical structure, test its potency and selectivity in ventricular cells and assess its suitability for experiments on cardiac contraction. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: pH(i) recovery from intracellular acidosis was monitored using pH-epifluorescence (SNARF-fluorophore) in guinea pig, rat and rabbit isolated ventricular myocytes. Electrically evoked cell shortening (contraction) was measured optically. With CO(2)/HCO(3) (-)-buffered superfusates containing 30 muM cariporide (to inhibit NHE), pH(i) recovery is mediated by NBC. KEY RESULTS: S0859, an N-cyanosulphonamide compound, reversibly inhibited NBC-mediated pH(i) recovery (K (i)=1.7 microM, full inhibition at approximately 30 microM). In HEPES-buffered superfusates, NHE-mediated pH(i) recovery was unaffected by 30 microM S0859. With CO(2)/HCO(3) (-) buffer, pH(i) recovery from intracellular alkalosis (mediated by Cl(-)/HCO(3) (-) and Cl(-)/OH(-) exchange) was also unaffected. Selective NBC-inhibition was not due to action on carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes, as 100 microM acetazolamide (a membrane-permeant CA-inhibitor) had no significant effect on NBC activity. pH(i) recovery from acidosis was associated with increased contractile-amplitude. The time course of recovery of pH(i) and contraction was slowed by S0859, confirming that NBC is a significant controller of contractility during acidosis. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Compound S0859 is a selective, high-affinity generic NBC inhibitor, potentially important for probing the transporter's functional role in heart and other tissues.