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Dystrophin coordinates the assembly of a complex of structural and signaling proteins that are required for normal muscle function. A key component of the dystrophin protein complex is alpha-dystrobrevin, a dystrophin-associated protein whose absence results in neuromuscular junction defects and muscular dystrophy. To gain further insights into the role of alpha-dystrobrevin in skeletal muscle, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify a novel alpha-dystrobrevin-binding partner called syncoilin. Syncoilin is a new member of the intermediate filament superfamily and is highly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscle. In normal skeletal muscle, syncoilin is concentrated at the neuromuscular junction, where it colocalizes and coimmunoprecipitates with alpha-dystrobrevin-1. Expression studies in mammalian cells demonstrate that, while alpha-dystrobrevin and syncoilin associate directly, overexpression of syncoilin does not result in the self-assembly of intermediate filaments. Finally, unlike many components of the dystrophin protein complex, we show that syncoilin expression is up-regulated in dystrophin-deficient muscle. These data suggest that alpha-dystrobrevin provides a link between the dystrophin protein complex and the intermediate filament network at the neuromuscular junction, which may be important for the maintenance and maturation of the synapse.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M008305200

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

02/03/2001

Volume

276

Pages

6645 - 6655

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, COS Cells, Chromosome Mapping, Cytoskeletal Proteins, Dystrophin-Associated Proteins, Humans, Intermediate Filament Proteins, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Molecular Sequence Data, Muscle, Skeletal, Muscular Dystrophies, Neuromuscular Junction, Transfection