Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: Dysautonomia can be a debilitating feature of Parkinson disease (PD). Pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) stimulation may improve gait disorders in PD, and may also result in changes in autonomic performance. METHODS: To determine whether pedunculopontine nucleus stimulation improves cardiovascular responses to autonomic challenges of postural tilt and Valsalva manoeuver, eight patients with pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation were recruited to the study; two were excluded for technical reasons during testing. Participants underwent head up tilt and Valsalva manoeuver with stimulation turned ON and OFF. Continuous blood pressure and ECG waveforms were recorded during these tests. In a single patient, local field potential activity was recorded from the implanted electrode during tilt. RESULTS: The fall in systolic blood pressure after tilt was significantly smaller with stimulation ON (mean - 8.3% versus - 17.2%, p = 0.044). Valsalva ratio increased with stimulation from median 1.15 OFF to 1.20 ON (p = 0.028). Baroreflex sensitivity increased during Valsalva compared to rest with stimulation ON versus OFF (p = 0.028). The increase in baroreflex sensitivity correlated significantly with the mean depth of PPN stimulating electrode contacts. This accounted for 89% of its variance (r = 0.943, p = 0.005). CONCLUSION: PPN stimulation can modulate the cardiovascular system in patients with PD. In this study, it reduced the postural fall in systolic blood pressure during head-up tilt and improved the cardiovascular response during Valsalva, presumably by altering the neural control of baroreflex activation.

Original publication




Journal article


Clin Auton Res

Publication Date





615 - 624


Autonomic nervous system, Deep brain stimulation, Parkinson disease, Pedunculopontine nucleus, Postural hypotension, Aged, Deep Brain Stimulation, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease, Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nucleus, Primary Dysautonomias, Tilt-Table Test, Valsalva Maneuver