Characterization of Na/Ca exchange in plasmalemmal vesicles from zona fasciculata cells of the bovine adrenal gland.
Brunold C., Guyot A., Noble D., Rougier O., Bilbaut A., Ojeda C.
The presence of an Na/Ca exchange system in fasciculata cells of the bovine adrenal gland was tested using isolated plasmalemmal vesicles. In the presence of an outwardly Na(+) gradient, Ca(2+) uptake was about 2-fold higher than in K(+) condition. Li(+) did not substitute for Na(+) and 5 mM Ni(2+) inhibited Ca(2+) uptake. Ca(2+) efflux from Ca(2+)-loaded vesicles was Na(+)-stimulated and Ni(2+)-inhibited. The saturable part of Na(+)-dependent Ca(2+) uptake displayed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The relationship of Na(+)-dependent Ca(2+) uptake versus intravesicular Na(+) concentration was sigmoid (apparent K(0.5) approximately 24 mM; Hill number approximately 3) and Na(+) acted on V(max) without significant effect on K(m). Na(+)-stimulated Ca(2+) uptake was temperature-dependent (apparent Q(10) approximately 2.2). The inhibition properties of several divalent cations (Cd(2+), Sr(2+), Ni(2+), Ba(2+), Mn(2+), Mg(2+)) were tested and were similar to those observed in kidney basolateral membrane. The above results indicate the presence of an Na/Ca exchanger located on plasma membrane of zona fasciculata cells of bovine adrenal gland. This exchanger displays similarities with that of renal basolateral cell membrane.