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The presence of an Na/Ca exchange system in fasciculata cells of the bovine adrenal gland was tested using isolated plasmalemmal vesicles. In the presence of an outwardly Na(+) gradient, Ca(2+) uptake was about 2-fold higher than in K(+) condition. Li(+) did not substitute for Na(+) and 5 mM Ni(2+) inhibited Ca(2+) uptake. Ca(2+) efflux from Ca(2+)-loaded vesicles was Na(+)-stimulated and Ni(2+)-inhibited. The saturable part of Na(+)-dependent Ca(2+) uptake displayed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The relationship of Na(+)-dependent Ca(2+) uptake versus intravesicular Na(+) concentration was sigmoid (apparent K(0.5) approximately 24 mM; Hill number approximately 3) and Na(+) acted on V(max) without significant effect on K(m). Na(+)-stimulated Ca(2+) uptake was temperature-dependent (apparent Q(10) approximately 2.2). The inhibition properties of several divalent cations (Cd(2+), Sr(2+), Ni(2+), Ba(2+), Mn(2+), Mg(2+)) were tested and were similar to those observed in kidney basolateral membrane. The above results indicate the presence of an Na/Ca exchanger located on plasma membrane of zona fasciculata cells of bovine adrenal gland. This exchanger displays similarities with that of renal basolateral cell membrane.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochim Biophys Acta

Publication Date

01/06/2000

Volume

1466

Pages

361 - 371

Keywords

Adrenal Glands, Animals, Calcium, Cattle, Cell Membrane, Sodium, Sodium-Calcium Exchanger, Zona Fasciculata