Kir6.2-dependent high-affinity repaglinide binding to beta-cell K(ATP) channels.
Hansen AM., Hansen JB., Carr RD., Ashcroft FM., Wahl P.
1. The beta-cell K(ATP) channel is composed of two types of subunit - the inward rectifier K(+) channel (Kir6.2) which forms the channel pore, and the sulphonylurea receptor (SUR1), which serves as a regulatory subunit. The N-terminus of Kir6.2 is involved in transduction of sulphonylurea binding into channel closure, and deletion of the N-terminus (Kir6.2DeltaN14) results in functional uncoupling of the two subunits. In this study, we investigate the interaction of the hypoglycaemic agents repaglinide and glibenclamide with SUR1 and the effect of Kir6.2 on this interaction. We further explore how the binding properties of repaglinide and glibenclamide are affected by functional uncoupling of SUR1 and Kir6.2 in Kir6.2DeltaN14/SUR1 channels. All binding experiments are performed on membranes in ATP-free buffer at 37 degrees C. 2. Repaglinide was found to bind with low affinity (K(D)=59+/-16 nM) to SUR1 alone, but with high affinity (increased approximately 150-fold) when SUR1 was co-expressed with Kir6.2 (K(D)=0.42+/-0.03 nM). Glibenclamide, tolbutamide and nateglinide all bound with marginally lower affinity to SUR1 than to Kir6.2/SUR1. 3. Repaglinide bound with low affinity (K(D)=51+/-23 nM) to SUR1 co-expressed with Kir6.2DeltaN14. In contrast, the affinity for glibenclamide, tolbutamide and nateglinide was only mildly changed as compared to wild-type channels. 4. In whole-cell patch-clamp experiments inhibition of Kir6.2DeltaN14/SUR1 currents by both repaglinide and nateglinde is abolished. 5. The results suggest that Kir6.2 causes a conformational change in SUR1 required for high-affinity repaglinide binding, or that the high-affinity repaglinide-binding site includes contributions from both SUR1 and Kir6.2. Glibenclamide, tolbutamide and nateglinide binding appear to involve only SUR1.