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ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels are activated by a diverse group of compounds known as potassium channel openers (PCOs). Here, we report functional studies of the Kir6.2/SUR1 Selective PCO 3-isopropylamino-7-methoxy-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide (NNC 55-9216). We recorded cloned K(ATP) channel currents from inside-out patches excised from Xenopus laevis oocytes heterologously expressing Kir6.2/SUR1, Kir6.2/SUR2A, or Kir6.2/SUR2B, corresponding to the beta-cell, cardiac, and smooth muscle types of the K(ATP) channel. NNC 55-9216 reversibly activated Kir6.2/SUR1 currents (EC(50) = 16 micromol/l). This activation was dependent on intracellular MgATP and was abolished by mutation of a single residue in the Walker A motifs of either nucleotide-binding domain of SUR1. The drug had no effect on Kir6.2/SUR2A or Kir6.2/SUR2B currents. We therefore used chimeras of SUR1 and SUR2A to identify regions of SUR1 involved in the response to NNC 55-9216. Activation was completely abolished and significantly reduced by swapping transmembrane domains 8-11. The reverse chimera consisting of SUR2A with transmembrane domains 8-11 and NBD2 consisting SUR1 was activated by NNC 55-9216, indicating that these SUR1 regions are important for drug activation. [(3)H]glibenclamide binding to membranes from HEK293 cells transfected with SUR1 was displaced by NNC 55-9216 (IC(50) = 105 micromol/l), and this effect was impaired when NBD2 of SUR1 was replaced by that of SUR2A. These results suggest NNC 55-9216 is a SUR1-selective PCO that requires structural determinants, which differ from those needed for activation of the K(ATP) channel by pinacidil and cromakalim. The high selectivity of NNC 55-9216 may prove to be useful for studies of the molecular mechanism of PCO action.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabetes

Publication Date

06/2002

Volume

51

Pages

1896 - 1906

Keywords

Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Benzothiadiazines, Binding Sites, Cell Line, Cell Membrane, Diazoxide, Electric Conductivity, Gene Expression, Glyburide, Hypoglycemic Agents, Ion Channel Gating, Mice, Mutagenesis, Oocytes, Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying, Rats, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Transfection, Tritium, Xenopus laevis