Analysis of the differential modulation of sulphonylurea block of beta-cell and cardiac ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels by Mg-nucleotides.
Reimann F., Dabrowski M., Jones P., Gribble FM., Ashcroft FM.
Sulphonylureas stimulate insulin secretion by binding with high-affinity to the sulphonylurea receptor (SUR) subunit of the ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel and thereby closing the channel pore (formed by four Kir6.2 subunits). In the absence of added nucleotides, the maximal block is around 60-80 %, indicating that sulphonylureas act as partial antagonists. Intracellular MgADP modulated sulphonylurea block, enhancing inhibition of Kir6.2/SUR1 (beta-cell type) and decreasing that of Kir6.2/SUR2A (cardiac-type) channels. We examined the molecular basis of the different response of channels containing SUR1 and SUR2A, by recording currents from inside-out patches excised from Xenopus oocytes heterologously expressing wild-type or chimeric channels. We used the benzamido derivative meglitinide as this drug blocks Kir6.2/SUR1 and Kir6.2/SUR2A currents, reversibly and with similar potency. Our results indicate that transfer of the region containing transmembrane helices (TMs) 8-11 and the following 65 residues of SUR1 into SUR2A largely confers a SUR1-like response to MgADP and meglitinide, whereas the reverse chimera (SUR128) largely endows SUR1 with a SUR2A-type response. This effect was not specific for meglitinide, as tolbutamide was also unable to prevent MgADP activation of Kir6.2/SUR128 currents. The data favour the idea that meglitinide binding to SUR1 impairs either MgADP binding or the transduction pathway between the NBDs and Kir6.2, and that TMs 8-11 are involved in this modulatory response. The results provide a basis for understanding how beta-cell K(ATP) channels show enhanced sulphonylurea inhibition under physiological conditions, whereas cardiac K(ATP) channels exhibit reduced block in intact cells, especially during metabolic inhibition.