Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Heterozygous mutations in the human Kir6.2 gene (KCNJ11), the pore-forming subunit of the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP) channel), cause neonatal diabetes. To date, all mutations increase whole-cell K(ATP) channel currents by reducing channel inhibition by MgATP. Here, we provide functional characterization of two mutations (F35L and F35V) at residue F35 of Kir6.2, which lies within the NH(2)-terminus. We further show that the F35V patient can be successfully transferred from insulin to sulfonylurea therapy. The patient has been off insulin for 24 months and shows improved metabolic control (mean HbA(1c) 7.58 before and 6.18% after sulfonylurea treatment; P < 0.007). Wild-type and mutant Kir6.2 were heterologously coexpressed with SUR1 in Xenopus oocytes. Whole-cell K(ATP) channel currents through homomeric and heterozygous F35V and F35L channels were increased due to a reduced sensitivity to inhibition by MgATP. The mutation also increased the open probability (P(O)) of homomeric F35 mutant channels in the absence of ATP. These effects on P(O) and ATP sensitivity were abolished in the absence of SUR1. Our results suggest that mutations at F35 cause permanent neonatal diabetes by affecting K(ATP) channel gating and thereby, indirectly, ATP inhibition. Heterozygous F35V channels were markedly inhibited by the sulfonylurea tolbutamide, accounting for the efficacy of sulfonylurea therapy in the patient.

Original publication

DOI

10.2337/db05-1420

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabetes

Publication Date

06/2006

Volume

55

Pages

1731 - 1737

Keywords

Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Diabetes Mellitus, Electrophysiology, Female, Heterozygote, Humans, Hypoglycemic Agents, Infant, Newborn, Insulin, Male, Membrane Potentials, Mutation, Oocytes, Phenylalanine, Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying, Sulfonylurea Compounds, Xenopus laevis