Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: Cardiac parasympathetic nerve activity is reduced in most cardiovascular disease states, and this may contribute to enhanced cardiac sympathetic responsiveness. Disruption of inhibitory G-proteins (Gi) ablates the cholinergic pathway and increases cardiac endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) expression, suggesting that NO may offset the impaired attenuation of beta-adrenergic regulation of supraventricular excitability. To test this, we investigated the role of endogenous NO production on beta-adrenergic regulation of rate (HR), contraction (CR) and calcium (Ca2+) handling in atria following blockade of Gi-coupled muscarinic receptors. METHODS: Mice were administered pertussis toxin (PTx, n=105) or saline (C, n=100) intraperitoneally. After 3 days, we measured CR, HR, and NOS protein levels in isolated atria. Intracellular calcium (Ca2+) transients and Ca2+ current density (I(Ca)) were also measured in atrial myocytes. RESULTS: PTx treatment increased atrial myocyte eNOS protein levels compared to C (P<0.05). This did not affect basal atrial function but was associated with a significant reduction in the CR and HR response to isoprenaline (ISO) compared with C. NOS inhibition normalized responses in PTx atria with respect to responses in C atria (P<0.05), which were unaffected. Furthermore, PTx did not affect ISO-stimulated HR and CR in eNOS gene knockout mice (n=40). In agreement with these findings, the ISO-mediated increase in Ca2+ transient was suppressed in PTx-treated myocytes (P<0.05), whereas I(Ca) did not differ between groups. CONCLUSION: eNOS-derived NO inhibits beta-adrenergic responses following disruption of Gi signaling. This suggests that increased eNOS expression may be a compensatory mechanism which reduces beta-adrenergic regulation of heart rate when cardiac parasympathetic control is impaired.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.cardiores.2005.04.034

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cardiovasc Res

Publication Date

01/09/2005

Volume

67

Pages

613 - 623

Keywords

Adrenergic beta-Agonists, Animals, Blotting, Western, Calcium, Calcium Channels, Caveolin 3, GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go, Gene Expression, Heart Atria, Immunohistochemistry, Isoproterenol, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Microscopy, Confocal, Myocardial Contraction, Myocytes, Cardiac, Nitric Oxide, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Pertussis Toxin, Signal Transduction