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The calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin1 (ANO1; TMEM16A) is fundamental for the function of epithelial organs. Mice lacking ANO1 expression exhibit transport defects and a pathology similar to cystic fibrosis. They also show a general defect of epithelial electrolyte transport. Here we analyzed expression of all ten members (ANO1-ANO10) in a broad range of murine tissues and detected predominant expression of ANO1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 in epithelial tissues, while ANO2, 3, 4, 5 are common in neuronal and muscle tissues. When expressed in Fisher Rat Thyroid (FTR) cells, all ANO proteins localized to the plasma membrane but only ANO1, 2, 6, and 7 produced Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) conductance, as analyzed by ATP-induced iodide quenching of YFP fluorescence. In contrast ANO9 and ANO10 suppressed baseline Cl(-) conductance and coexpression of ANO9 with ANO1 inhibited ANO1 activity. Patch clamping of ANO-expressing FRT cells indicated that apart from ANO1 also ANO6 and 10 produced chloride currents, albeit with very different Ca(2+) sensitivity and activation time. We conclude that each tissue expresses a set of anoctamins that form cell- and tissue-specific Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) channels.

Original publication




Journal article


J Biol Chem

Publication Date





7838 - 7845


Animals, Biological Transport, Calcium, Cell Line, Cell Membrane, Chloride Channels, Chlorides, Epithelium, Humans, Ion Channel Gating, Ionomycin, Ionophores, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Molecular Sequence Data, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Protein Isoforms, Rats, Tissue Distribution