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BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether postoperative B-type natriuretic peptides (i.e., BNP and N-terminal proBNP) can predict cardiovascular complications in noncardiac surgery. METHODS: The authors undertook a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis to determine whether postoperative BNPs predict postoperative cardiovascular complications at 30 and 180 days or more. RESULTS: The authors identified 18 eligible studies (n = 2,051). For the primary outcome of 30-day mortality or nonfatal myocardial infarction, BNP of 245 pg/ml had an area under the curve of 0.71 (95% CI, 0.64-0.78), and N-terminal proBNP of 718 pg/ml had an area under the curve of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.77-0.84). These thresholds independently predicted 30-day mortality or nonfatal myocardial infarction (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 4.5; 95% CI, 2.74-7.4; P < 0.001), mortality (AOR, 4.2; 95% CI, 2.29-7.69; P < 0.001), cardiac mortality (AOR, 9.4; 95% CI, 0.32-254.34; P < 0.001), and cardiac failure (AOR, 18.5; 95% CI, 4.55-75.29; P < 0.001). For greater than or equal to 180-day outcomes, natriuretic peptides independently predicted mortality or nonfatal myocardial infarction (AOR, 3.3; 95% CI, 2.58-4.3; P < 0.001), mortality (AOR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.67-86; P < 0.001), cardiac mortality (AOR, 2.1; 95% CI, 0.05-1,385.17; P < 0.001), and cardiac failure (AOR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.0-9.34; P = 0.022). Patients with BNP values of 0-250, greater than 250-400, and greater than 400 pg/ml suffered the primary outcome at a rate of 6.6, 15.7, and 29.5%, respectively. Patients with N-terminal proBNP values of 0-300, greater than 300-900, and greater than 900 pg/ml suffered the primary outcome at a rate of 1.8, 8.7, and 27%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Increased postoperative BNPs are independently associated with adverse cardiac events after noncardiac surgery.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/ALN.0b013e31829083f1

Type

Journal article

Journal

Anesthesiology

Publication Date

08/2013

Volume

119

Pages

270 - 283

Keywords

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biomarkers, Heart Diseases, Heart Failure, Humans, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction, Natriuretic Peptide, Brain, Odds Ratio, Postoperative Complications, Postoperative Period, ROC Curve, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors