Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The kidney plays a key role in the maintenance of Mg(2+) homeostasis. Specifically, the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) is instrumental in the fine-tuning of renal Mg(2+) handling. In recent years, hereditary Mg(2+) transport disorders have helped to identify important players in DCT Mg(2+) homeostasis. Nevertheless, several proteins involved in DCT-mediated Mg(2+) reabsorption remain to be discovered, and a full expression profile of this complex nephron segment may facilitate the discovery of new Mg(2+)-related genes. Here, we report Mg(2+)-sensitive expression of the DCT transcriptome. To this end, transgenic mice expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein under a DCT-specific parvalbumin promoter were subjected to Mg(2+)-deficient or Mg(2+)-enriched diets. Subsequently, the Complex Object Parametric Analyzer and Sorter allowed, for the first time, isolation of enhanced green fluorescent protein-positive DCT cells. RNA extracts thereof were analyzed by DNA microarrays comparing high versus low Mg(2+) to identify Mg(2+) regulatory genes. Based on statistical significance and a fold change of at least 2, 46 genes showed differential expression. Several known magnesiotropic genes, such as transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 6 (Trpm6), and Parvalbumin, were upregulated under low dietary Mg(2+). Moreover, new genes were identified that are potentially involved in renal Mg(2+) handling. To confirm that the selected candidate genes were regulated by dietary Mg(2+) availability, the expression levels of solute carrier family 41, member 3 (Slc41a3), pterin-4 α-carbinolamine dehydratase/dimerization cofactor of hepatocyte nuclear factor-1α (Pcbd1), TBC1 domain family, member 4 (Tbc1d4), and uromodulin (Umod) were determined by RT-PCR analysis. Indeed, all four genes show significant upregulation in the DCT of mice fed a Mg(2+)-deficient diet. By elucidating the Mg(2+)-sensitive DCT transcriptome, new candidate genes in renal Mg(2+) handling have been identified.

Original publication




Journal article


Am J Physiol Renal Physiol

Publication Date





F1563 - F1573


Complex Object Parametric Analyzer and Sorter, distal convoluted tubule, gene expression microarray, hypomagnesemia, magnesium homeostasis, Animals, Biological Transport, Carrier Proteins, Homeostasis, Kidney Tubules, Distal, Magnesium, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic, Nephrons, Transcriptome