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Several nuclear localised intergenic long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been ascribed regulatory roles in transcriptional control and their number is growing rapidly. Initially, these transcripts were shown to function locally, near their sites of synthesis, by regulating the expression of neighbouring genes. More recently, lncRNAs have been demonstrated to interact with chromatin at several thousand different locations across multiple chromosomes and to modulate large-scale gene expression programs. Although the molecular mechanisms involved in targeting lncRNAs to distal binding sites remain poorly understood, the spatial organisation of the genome may have a role in specifying lncRNA function. Recent advances indicate that intergenic lncRNAs may exert more widespread effects on gene regulation than previously anticipated.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.tig.2014.06.001

Type

Journal article

Journal

Trends Genet

Publication Date

08/2014

Volume

30

Pages

348 - 355

Keywords

RNA–protein interactions, chromatin conformation, long noncoding RNA, transcription, Animals, Cell Nucleus, Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, RNA, Long Noncoding, Transcription, Genetic