Negative regulatory elements are present in the human LMO2 oncogene and may contribute to its expression in leukemia.
Hammond SM., Crable SC., Anderson KP.
Ectopic expression of LMO2 occurs in approximately 45% of T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL), sometimes in association with chromosomal translocations. Recently, a lymphoproliferative disorder developed in two participants in a gene therapy trial due to LMO2 activation via integration of the retroviral vector. To investigate these regulatory disruptions, we analyzed the promoter region and identified a tissue-specific repressor. The fragment containing this element could also produce tissue-specific suppression of transcription from the SV40 promoter. This suppression involves histone acetylation which can be relieved with Trichostatin A (TSA). The negative element is in a region consistently removed from LMO2 in the known chromosomal translocations.