Next-generation sequencing in understanding complex neurological disease.
Handel AE., Disanto G., Ramagopalan SV.
Next-generation sequencing techniques have made vast quantities of data on human genomes and transcriptomes available to researchers. Huge progress has been made towards understanding the basis of many Mendelian neurological conditions, but progress has been considerably slower in complex neurological diseases (multiple sclerosis, migraine, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and so on). The authors review current next-generation sequencing methodologies and present selected studies illustrating how these have been used to cast light on the genetic etiology of complex neurological diseases with specific focus on multiple sclerosis. The authors highlight particular pitfalls in next-generation sequencing experiments and speculate on both clinical and research applications of these sequencing platforms for complex neurological disorders in the future.