Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have many reasons to have low bone mineral density and an increased fracture risk. Osteoporosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and is more common in people with MS than the general population. A number of studies have examined the relationship between multiple sclerosis and reduced bone mineral density. In this topical review we seek to address the risk of low bone mineral density, osteoporosis and fractures associated with MS, and make practical suggestions as to how this pertinent issue may be approached in clinical practice.

Original publication




Journal article


Mult Scler

Publication Date





1522 - 1528


Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Bone Density, Bone Diseases, Metabolic, Bone and Bones, Female, Fractures, Bone, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multiple Sclerosis, Osteoporosis, Prognosis, Risk Factors