A genome-wide scan in forty large pedigrees with multiple sclerosis.
Willer CJ., Dyment DA., Cherny S., Ramagopalan SV., Herrera BM., Morrison KM., Sadovnick AD., Risch NJ., Ebers GC.
The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis suggests that a complex interaction of genes and environment contribute to susceptibility. To enrich for families with large genetic effects and to potentially reduce genetic heterogeneity, we screened a sample of 18,794 probands and identified forty families with four or more affected individuals. Within these 40 families, HLA DRB1*15 was present in 70% of affected individuals; the transmission disequilibrium test showed a significant excess in transmission of DRB1*15 alleles to affected individuals (47 transmitted, 19 untransmitted, chi (2) = 11.9, p = 0.00057). A 10 cM genome scan was performed and analyzed for linkage under a parametric model with heterogeneity. No excess of significant sharing was observed (HLOD > 3.3) in the parametric multipoint analysis. No region exceeded that for marker GATA8A05 with an HLOD = 1.11. Follow-up genotyping with 17 microsatellites revealed a significant two-point parametric HLOD = 3.99 at marker D4S1597. Transmission disequilibrium tests for markers in this candidate region showed no transmission distortion. A scan for variants in a gene adjacent to D4S1597, PALLD, was negative for synonymous or nonsynonymous changes. A final multipoint scan incorporating all microsatellites in the region provided an HLOD = 1.30. The inability to find significant linkage in these highly penetrant families suggests that linkage is not the optimal tool for dissecting the inheritance of MS.