Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In addition to its well established function in activating Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through ryanodine receptors (RyR), the second messenger cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) also accelerates the activity of SERCA pumps, which sequester Ca(2+) into the ER. Here, we demonstrate a potential physiological role for cADPR in modulating cellular Ca(2+) signals via changes in ER Ca(2+) store content, by imaging Ca(2+) liberation through inositol trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)R) in Xenopus oocytes, which lack RyR. Oocytes were injected with the non-metabolizable analog 3-deaza-cADPR, and cytosolic [Ca(2+)] was transiently elevated by applying voltage-clamp pulses to induce Ca(2+) influx through expressed plasmalemmal nicotinic channels. We observed a subsequent potentiation of global Ca(2+) signals evoked by strong photorelease of IP(3), and increased numbers of local Ca(2+) puffs evoked by weaker photorelease. These effects were not evident with cADPR alone or following cytosolic Ca(2+) elevation alone, indicating that they did not arise through direct actions of cADPR or Ca(2+) on the IP(3)R, but likely resulted from enhanced ER store filling. Moreover, the appearance of a new population of puffs with longer latencies, prolonged durations, and attenuated amplitudes suggests that luminal ER Ca(2+) may modulate IP(3)R function, in addition to simply determining the size of the available store and the electrochemical driving force for release.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M109.095257

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

06/08/2010

Volume

285

Pages

25053 - 25061

Keywords

Animals, Calcium, Calcium Signaling, Cyclic ADP-Ribose, Cytosol, Electrochemistry, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate, Kinetics, Models, Biological, Oocytes, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel, Time Factors, Xenopus laevis