Potentially important microRNA cluster on chromosome 17p13.1 in primary peritoneal carcinoma.
Flavin RJ., Smyth PC., Laios A., O'Toole SA., Barrett C., Finn SP., Russell S., Ring M., Denning KM., Li J., Aherne ST., Sammarae DA., Aziz NA., Alhadi A., Sheppard BL., Lao K., Sheils OM., O'Leary JJ.
MicroRNAs are a group of small non-coding RNAs approximately 22 nucleotides in length. Recent work has shown differential expression of mature microRNAs in human cancers. We characterized the alteration in expression of a select group of microRNAs in primary peritoneal carcinoma relative to matched cases of ovarian serous carcinoma. MicroRNA expression was analysed using semi-quantitative stem-loop RT-PCR on a set of 34 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples. Protein expression of p53 and bcl-2 was quantified in the corresponding tissue microarray. We provide definitive evidence that there is downregulation of a select group of microRNAs in tumours meeting Gynaecological Oncology Group criteria for primary peritoneal carcinoma relative to ovarian serous carcinoma. Specifically, we show decreased p53 expression and downregulation of miR-195 and miR-497 from the microRNA cluster site at chromosome 17p13.1 in primary peritoneal carcinoma relative to ovarian serous carcinoma. miR-195 and miR-497 may have potential roles as tumour-suppressor genes in primary peritoneal tumourigenesis.