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Two splice variants of the ligand-gated 5-hydroxytryptamine or serotonin 5-HT3 receptor that differ in a six-amino-acid deletion were cloned by polymerase chain reaction from the hippocampus x neuroblastoma cell line HN9.10e. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, both variants individually formed 5-HT3 receptors that revealed no significant differences in current responses to the agonists 5-HT and 1-phenylbiguanide and block by the specific antagonist LY-278, 584-maleate. For both receptors, the monovalent cations Na+, K+, Rb+ and Li+ showed the same relative permeability; NH4(+)permeated approximately 2.7 times better than Na+, and Tris+ was only poorly permeable. In contrast to other reports, the receptors were completely and reversibly blocked by extracellular Cs+ in both oocytes and native HN9.10 cells. Moreover, Ca2+ was not permeant and exhibited a concentration-dependent decrease (0.9-18 mM) of the 5-HT-induced currents without affecting the inward rectification of the current/voltage relation. The two receptors were reversibly inhibited by nanomolar concentrations of the specific inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC) bisindolylmaleimide, but not by the equipotent and less specific inhibitor staurosporine. A regulatory effect on both 5-HT3 receptor subunits by PKC-mediated protein phosphorylation might be possible, however, a functional role of the two splice variants present in one cell remains to be determined.


Journal article


Pflugers Arch

Publication Date





134 - 143


Animals, Base Sequence, Calcium, Cloning, Molecular, DNA, Recombinant, Enzyme Activation, Genetic Variation, Hippocampus, Injections, Ion Channel Gating, Ion Channels, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Oligonucleotide Probes, Oocytes, Protein Kinase Inhibitors, Protein Kinases, RNA, Complementary, Receptors, Serotonin, Recombinant Proteins, Serotonin, Tumor Cells, Cultured