Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we will assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you will not see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Complexation of dissolved copper (Cu) was studied in Atlantic coastal rainwater using adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (ASCV) with salicylaldoxime as a competing ligand at pH 7.8. Detectable concentrations of strong Cu-complexing ligands possessing conditional stability constants of 1013-1016 were observed in over 80% of the rain events occurring over the course of 2 year. In 11 of the 23 samples analysed, total dissolved Cu concentrations were higher than those of dissolved ligands, indicating that a significant fraction of the Cu occurred as the free ion and as weaker complexes. In the remaining samples, ligand concentrations were equal to or greater than Cu concentrations, indicating virtually complete (>99%) complexation of the ambient Cu. By varying the analytical detection window, two classes of ligands with differing conditional stability constants were detected in selected rain samples suggesting that the Cu ligands most likely represent a spectrum of organic compounds. Back trajectory analysis indicated that continentally dominated rain samples contained higher concentrations of Cu and organic ligands relative to storms of marine origin, suggesting a strong terrestrial and/or anthropogenic source of both Cu and ligands in rain at this location. Variability in Cu speciation may impact a variety of atmospheric redox reactions because free and complexed forms of the metal have very different reactivities. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.12.038

Type

Journal article

Journal

Atmospheric Environment

Publication Date

01/06/2007

Volume

41

Pages

3619 - 3630